5 Common Hard Drive Problems & Methods to Fix Them

Whether you are using Windows, Mac, or any other operating system, one thing that stays the same is the hard drive and the problems related to it. The hard drive is an essential component of the computer and the computing world. If the storage drive turns corrupted, your data will be wiped.

It’s always better to backup all of your data at a regular time so that you don’t lose any of your files and other items in case the hard drive crashes. Hard drive breakdown can be sudden or gradual. In this article, we will enumerate some of the common problems related to the hard drive and possible solutions.

Hard Drive Manufacturing Defects

Many times, hard drives are not fully tested before sending them over to the customers or the computer manufacturers. It’s an important parameter that you must check before buying a storage media to ensure it meets all industry standards. 

Whenever you buy a new drive, try and test it before you make the final purchase. The chances are that you install a hard drive in the CPU, and it fails to read it. In that case, you will get the disk not readable by this computer error. The file system incompatibility issue might be responsible for creating the error, and basic troubleshooting steps can help fix it.

Hard Drive Corruption

The files inside your computer can become corrupt if you haven’t shut down your computer properly or if you have closed a program by force quitting. A corrupted file will restrict you from opening it, and it may affect any associated files as well.

You may not be able to repair a corrupt drive if the damage is beyond repair. However, you can use third-party data recovery software to recover data from the corrupted drive. Many tools available in the market enable you to recover several lost files using the trial version itself. However, your need to invest in a licensed version to recover complete data.

Virus and Malware Intrusion


Viruses and malware can enter your computer via any malicious email link that you might have clicked unknowingly. Another source of virus intrusion can be the external hard drives, connected USBs, or malicious software. These viruses infect your data and make it inaccessible. You can prevent viruses from affecting your computer and its data by installing a good antivirus on your computer.

Antivirus applications such as Bitdefender, Norton 360, McAfee, CleanMyMac can give you maximum security against online threats. These antiviruses not only delete the viruses from your computer but also clear the caches and junk files. Apart from that, make sure to install the latest updates for OS and apps to clear any security bugs and viruses. Enable firewall protection when you browse the internet.

Disk Storage Full Error

Having your hard drive full is common, and most of the users must have encountered it. This happens when you have stored tons of files, photos, videos, applications, and a bulk of other data components on the hard drive. Over time, stuff keeps adding to the storage media, making it bulky and inefficient. You should keep 15% of the overall storage media space free at all times to ensure better productivity and performance.

On noticing this error on your computer screen, the first thing that you should do is delete the unnecessary files, videos, and other stuff to free up storage. This will not help reclaim more storage unless you empty the Recycle Bin in Windows or Trash in macOS.  

In addition to clearing the hard drive storage, you may also try defragmenting the disk. When you work on a file, it fragments into pieces to get stored on the hard drive. You can defrag the drive manually or with the help of a third-party defrag tool that works smoothly on the operating system you use.

Hard Drive Overheating

Overheating can severely damage the components of the computer, including the hard drive. The temperature of the device rises when the cooling fan isn’t working properly, or the vents are covered from outside. You may also hear a beep sound when you start the computer, which alarms you that something is wrong.

Another reason for device overheating can be the dust that builds up inside the blades of the fan and affects the hard drive in severe cases. You should clean the computer from the inside with a cloth to remove dust and dirt from the vents or other components. 

Download a CPU monitor app from the internet that warns you whenever your computer goes above the normal temperature. Closing the unnecessary apps and optimizing storage regularly will also maintain the health of the hard drive.

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